Bone Marrow Transplant
Bone marrow transplant is receiving bone marrow from health donor and transplanting to the patient with vascular access. These are main cells that generate, multiply or repair every tissue in human body. For example, liver needs unique stem cell, nervous tissue needs unique stem cell and blood also needs unique stem cell. In terms of blood production, stem cells (hematopoietic stem cells) have highest density in bone marrow. Other than that, these can be found in peripheral blood (human blood) and umbilical cord blood.
Some of these diseases are:
Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, acute myeloblastic leukaemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, chronic myeloid leukaemia, juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia, Hodgkin’s disease, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, neuroblastoma, germ cell tumour, Ewing sarcoma, Wilms’s tumours, central nervous system tumours, Akkiz aplastic anaemia, Fanconi anaemia, hemoglobinopathy, Black fan-Diamond anaemia, combined immunodeficiency (SCID), non-SCID immunodeficiency, osteopetrosis, MPS-1H Hurler, MPS-VI Maroteaux-Lamy, Langerhans celled histolysis, hemophagocytic lymphohystyocytosis.
Today, kidney, liver, heart, lung, pancreas, bone marrow, cornea, bone and small intestine are the most transplanted organs and tissues.
How Can Organ Transplant Made?
Some of the organs in transplant operations are taken from live (generally up to 4th degree relatives) and some are taken from deceased (cadaver). For example, cornea and kidney of a deceased person from heart disease can be transplanted to patients who need these organs. Patients with advanced heath, liver and kidney failure can only live a health life with organ transplant.