The laparoscopy technique is the surgery method performed by the surgeon by making a small hole on the body, which has become increasingly widespread in recent years. The surgeon performs the operation on the display coming to the monitor with a light and camera tube through this hole. For this reason, the method is also known as the keyhole technique. Since the incision in the body is minimal compared to the traditional method in the laparoscopy method, the method is called minimally invasive surgery. Thanks to laparoscopy, surgeries that require traditional incisions are performed with several incisions between 1 cm and 1.5 cm. In this way, operational problems such as the risk of complications, pain, post-operative scar and scar formation, and delayed recovery times become more advantageous in patients after laparoscopic surgery.
Gastric sleeve method which is used extensively in bariatric surgery is a type of operation in which 80% of the stomach is removed, including the fundus region. In this region, the stomach hunger hormone ghrelin is produced. Since the shape of the stomach is tube-like after the operation, it is also called a tube stomach. The operation is performed under general anesthesia. For this reason, negative health conditions such as cancer, systemic diseases, metabolic disorders, hormone disorders, and substance abuse may prevent the operation. The physician will decide the best evaluation by looking at the patient’s history.
Since the stomach will shrink and food consumption will decrease after the operation, patients loose their weight rapidly. In this process, avoiding high-calorie and unhealthy diets, following the diet and exercise plan given by the doctor are important in weight control. Although more permanent results can be obtained than alternative methods such as liposuction, attention should be paid to the balance between nutrition and physical activity in weight control.
In the gastric sleeve technique, the type of operation has an effect on the recovery and the comfort of the operation, as well as the physician’s professionalism, good management of the process and experience. In gastric sleeve surgeries performed with the laparoscopy method, much faster recovery is achieved compared to the traditional method. In the traditional gastric sleeve method, the patient starts solid food on the 18th postoperative day, while in the laparoscopic method, solid food begins on the second day. Compared to the traditional method, gastric sleeve operation performed with the laparoscopic method takes a shorter time and takes between 1-2 hours depending on the patient’s condition.